Martin Luther King Jr.: A Life, by Marshall Frady (2002)
For those looking for an introductory level approach to King, Frady’s book — part of the Penguin Lives Biographies series — offers just that. At just over 200 pages, it provides a swift bird’s-eye view of the civil rights leader, from one of the foremost reporters on the movement.
The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr., edited by Clayborne Carson (1998)
In 1985, King’s widow Coretta Scott King selected selected Carson to edit and publish her late husband’s papers. In addition to publishing numerous collections of King’s speeches, sermons, letters and drafts, Carson assembled all of these works to construct a posthumous, first-person account of King’s life.
Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63, by Taylor Branch (1988)
Branch won the 1989 Pulitzer Prize in biography for this tome on the years leading up to the March on Washington. Branch went on to write several other volumes for those interested in an especially deep dive into King’s life, including Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years, 1963-65 and At Canaan’s Edge: America in the King Years, 1965-1968.
The Heavens Might Crack: The Death and Legacy of Martin Luther King Jr., by Jason Sokol (2018)
Sokol’s book (just released in March) homes in on the period immediately following King’s assassination, when Americans grappled with the loss of a leader of enormous importance, both practical and symbolic. While King is widely admired today, in 1968, his death was met with a wide range of reactions around the country and the world.
The Promise and the Dream: The Untold Story of Martin Luther King, Jr. And Robert F. Kennedy, by David Margolick (2018)
Many historians have been fascinated by the relationship between King and John F. Kennedy, but here, Pulitzer finalist Margolick turns his gaze instead on King’s relationship with Robert F. Kennedy, a civil rights advocate who formed a relationship with King. Their shocking assassinations came only 62 days apart.
The Seminarian: Martin Luther King Jr. Comes of Age, by Patrick Parr (2018)
Parr takes a close look at King’s years at Crozer Theological Seminary near Chester, Penn., where at age 19 he decamped from the South to live for three years in a mostly white institution, studying with older seminarians who’d had vastly different experiences of the world.